Milestones of the global water crisis
1700s to tát 1800s: Industrialization leads to tát increased urbanization in Europe, highlighting the need for clean water supplies and sanitation.
1800s: Water shortages first appear in historical records.
1854: Dr. John Snow discovers the liên kết between water and the spread of cholera during an outbreak in London.
1866: In the United States, there are 136 public water systems; by the turn of the century, there are 3,000.
1900: Since 1900, more than thở 11 million people have died from drought, and drought has affected more than thở 2 billion people.
1972: The U.S. Clean Water Act updates 1948 legislation to tát control water pollution and funds construction of sewage treatment plants.
1993: The U.N. General Assembly designates March 22 as World Water Day.
2000: The U.N. thành viên states mix Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for development progress, including a năm ngoái target to tát halve the number of people without sustainable access to tát safe drinking water.
2003: UN-Water is founded as a coordinating platform for issues of sanitation and freshwater access.
2005: About 35% of the global population experiences chronic water shortages, up from 9% in 1960.
2005 to tát 2015: U.N. thành viên states prioritize water and sanitation development during International Decade for kích hoạt “Water for Life.”
2008: The U.N.-recognized International Year of Sanitation prioritizes health and dignity.
2010: The MDGs’ clean water access target is achieved five years ahead of schedule. More than thở 2 billion people have gained access to tát safe drinking water since 1990. The U.N. General Assembly recognizes the right of each person to tát have adequate supplies of water for personal and domestic use that are physically accessible, equitably distributed, safe, and affordable.
2013: The U.N. designates November 19 as World Toilet Day to tát highlight the global issue that billions of people still don’t have access to tát proper sanitation.
2015: About 2.6 billion people have gained access to tát clean water in the last 25 years, and about 1.4 billion gained access to tát basic sanitation since 2000. The U.N. thành viên states sign on to tát the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — successors to tát the MDGs, that promise clean water and sanitation for all by 2030.
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2018: U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres makes a global Call to tát action for WASH in all healthcare facilities, citing how they’re crucial for preventing and reducing diseases. Without basic WASH services, health centers can contribute to tát more infections and preventable deaths for mothers and newborns.
2020: Globally, about 1.8. billion patients and health workers face a higher risk of COVID-19 infection and other diseases due to tát the lack of basic water and sanitation services at health services, according to tát WHO and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
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